What Is A Bed Frame? – An Ultimate Guide


You might not have given much thought to what holds your mattress in place as you sleep. Buying a new bed can be a daunting task, but the frame is often disregarded. In most cases, they don’t know what they are or how vital they might be to getting a good night’s sleep.

Your bed frame provides support to the mattress, serves as the bed’s skeleton, as well as a platform upon which to set a mattress. Your mattress will appear abandoned and bare on the floor if you do not get a bed base. That’s not to mention how uncomfortable it’ll be.

But how do you pick the right bed frame out of all the options? As a result, we’ve put together this comprehensive guide to a bed frame.

What are Bed Frames?

A bed frame keeps the box spring and mattress off the floor. Metal legs and feet support a rectangular metal frame, which gives it considerable height.

The frame’s rails support the box spring, subsequently topped with the mattress. In the United States, this is the most frequently encountered mattress support.

The headboard, footboard, and side rails are commonly referred to as the bed’s “frame,” however, these components can be independent and may not even support the mattress or box spring. On the other hand, a platform bed does not require a box spring to support the mattress directly, unlike a traditional bed frame.

It doesn’t matter what mattress you put on top when you have the correct frame in place. Your bed frame may be to blame if it is drooping, squeaking, or otherwise unstable. This can all affect your sleep and wake you up with pains and discomfort, so a good night’s sleep begins with a good foundation.

Any mattress can be used with bed frames because they are simply props for your bed and base. We will go over the various kinds of bed frames and why each one might be a good fit for you in the following paragraphs.

Types of Bed Frames

Bed frames are available in a range of sizes and shapes, and many of them have unique characteristics such as being cost-effective, saving space, or serving many functions.


A platform bed does not require one other than a separate foundation. Platform beds have a slatted wood foundation to support your mattress, rather than relying on a box spring or mattress foundation.

The slats on a bed frame must be no more than 2 to 2.75 inches apart to be considered a platform bed.

Platform beds can be as plain as only the side rails or as adorned as you like with headboards and footboards. They are also available in standard sizes, such as a queen platform bed, fitting most bedrooms.


An example of a platform bed frame is a floating bed frame. To lift the edge off the floor, traditional platform beds use four visible legs; floating beds, on the other hand, use portions that are hidden or non-existent altogether. Floating beds, on the other hand, are attached to the wall.

With a floating bed frame, a smaller bedroom appears to have more space than it has. It is possible to store things under a floating bed, although it detracts from its aesthetic appeal.


Like a real sleigh, sleigh beds have a curved headboard and footboard. They’re just ornamental. These can be expensive, but they make a statement in your bedroom. They’re often built of wood, although they can also be upholstered with the cloth.


A trundle bed is a bed with a mattress that can be rolled out from underneath it. The mattress can be set up on a pop-up frame as an alternative to being stored in a large drawer. The most popular sizes for trundle beds are twin and full, but you may come across a queen or king-sized one as well.

Trundle mattresses tend to be thin, making them unsuitable for regular nighttime use. Guests will appreciate them, but they’re also great for kit rooms.


There are two or three-bed frames stacked on top of each other in bunk beds. Some bunk beds can accommodate twin XL, full, queen, and even king-sized mattresses, but most bunk beds are designed to fit twin mattresses.

If you want to make the most of the available space in your bedroom, consider getting a bunk bed. It’s perfect for kid’s rooms, guest rooms, and rental homes. In college dorms, bunk beds are also whispered.


A murphy bed is another type of bed frame designed to save space in the bedroom. It’s a bed stored against a wall, usually in a cabinet or a closet. The bed can be stored away during the day to have more room in your bedroom or studio apartment. If you want to sleep on it at night, pull it down like a regular bed.

Murphy beds are available in various sizes, most of them being designed to accommodate queen-sized mattresses.


Three-frame day beds resemble a deep couch and can be used for both a bed and a sofa at the same time. They can be used as a sofa or seat in the daytime.

A handful of pillows will suffice to make them more bearable for sitting against. Your daybed can double as a regular bed at night. You don’t have to bother getting a particular mattress to fit these.

Different Bed Frames

Platform beds and headboard/footboard systems have been eliminated, but many bed frames remain. Getting the right size is essential before anything else. To keep your mattress from sagging and deteriorating, larger beds (Queen, King, and California King) are frequently better supported if they have an additional rail running through the center.

You should also know how much help you need. You need additional support if you have a thicker mattress and more individuals on the bed.

Steel frames are the most common and will last the longest. More heavy-duty support is provided by thicker steel Wood, resin, and other materials that make picture frames, though metal is the most common.

Consider any additional features you’d like to include in your new bed arrangement. A unique frame is required for waterbeds. You can get in and out of bed more easily with a lower profile, while a taller profile provides more storage space underneath.

Bed Frame Materials

Since the dawn of time, the world of sleep has undergone significant change. The first ones were crude and simple with today’s contemporary bed frames. Aesthetics, support, and comfort are now the primary considerations in their development.

In terms of materials, you’ll normally have three alternatives depending on your style, size, and storage requirements: wood, stone, and metal.


Bed frames made of wood were the first to be developed. For centuries, they’ve remained popular—the most well-known of which is the “four-poster bed.” Sturdier furniture is often

used to give the room a sense of weight. Solid wood is used for more expensive wooden bed frames panels, support, header, and footboard. Vinyl-coated particleboard is used in low-cost options


A metal bed frame provides a solid and basic framework that does not compromise support. Stainless steel and brass frame are two frequently used materials in the construction process. This metal frame is better suited to heavier mattresses because of its superior weight-bearing capabilities.


An upholstered bed frame may be a nice option for those who like a more decorative style or a built-in feel. What’s an upholstered bed, you wonder??

Fabric bed frames with various soft covers (including leather) on the base are known as upholstered bed frames. Metal or wood frames are often used as a foundation for the fabric.

Bed Frame Heights

If you have limited mobility, the total height of your bed frame can have an impact on your ability to get in and out of bed, even if you don’t.

You should sit at the edge of the bed with your knees and hips aligned and your feet flat on the floor at the height of 25 inches or less if you’re seated there.

Bed Frames are offered in three heights or profiles, which are as follows: low, medium, and high.

Low Profile

Low-profile mattresses are less than 13 inches high and sit on the ground. A low-profile bed frame is a beautiful visual accent in a simple, minimalist bedroom.

Space appearance can also be created in a smaller bedroom using a patterned rug. Sadly, the lack of storage space under low-profile bed frames is all too common.

Standard Profile

The most typical height for a bed frame is the standard profile height. They’re 13 to 15 inches tall, which is just the right height for storing items on the lower level without being too tall.

High Profile

More than 15 inches is required for a high-profile bed. Bedrooms with high ceilings benefit from having tall bed frames since they maximize the available vertical space.

The underside of the bed may be used to store many things; therefore, a high-profile bed frame is a good option for that.

Frequently Asked Questions

Is it possible for a bed frame to damage a mattress?

If you utilize your bed frame incorrectly, it can wear your mattress down. In most cases, bed frames cannot support a mattress independently.

You should get one if you don’t already have a mattress foundation or box spring. Your mattress will sink and droop without a solid base if the bed frame doesn’t have adequate support slats or rails.

Is it possible to use a bed without a frame?

You can use your bed without a frame, but always use a mattress base or box spring to keep your bed off of the floor. Your mattress foundation supports your mattress and lifts it off the floor, while most frames are only a cosmetic casing for your foundation and bed.

We don’t recommend sleeping on your mattress without foundation. The floor is filthy, dusty, and frigid. Your bed won’t get enough airflow directly on the floor, allowing mold and mildew to form. A mattress on the floor also invalidates practically all mattress warranties.

Are a headboard and footboard necessary for a bed?

Most of the time, headboards and footboards are only decorative and unnecessary. Your feet may even rub up against the footboard when you’re attempting to catch some shut-eye.

Do a bed frame and bed rails differ?

A bed frame is a four-sided railing that provides stability. A mattress and base can be supported without requiring a headboard or footboard.

A headboard and footboard are connected by bed rails which are two separate side rails that keep the bed in place while connecting the two pieces. Some bed rails have a center support rail to support your mattress and its foundation effectively.

What is the best way to close the space between a mattress and a bed frame? Bed frames are slightly larger than the corresponding mattresses to ensure that the mattress will fit in the railing. Your bed may move around during the night when there is an air gap between the mattress and the frame.

Use a thin cushion, yoga mat, or towel between your mattress and the bed frame to hold it in place. Non-slip adhesive strips can also be used between your mattress and the base to keep it from slipping.


While a bed frame isn’t necessarily necessary for a comfortable night’s sleep, it does serve as an eye-catching centerpiece in the bedroom.

Bunk beds, trundle beds, and day beds are excellent options for people who want to conserve room. Because platform beds and floating beds don’t require a foundation, they’re a wonderful alternative if you’re looking to save money.

There are a variety of possibilities for bed frames that could be the greatest fit for you, as long as the structure is strong enough to hold your mattress.

Knowing a bed frame allows you to search for the right one. Remember that there are many aspects to consider, but generally, anything that supports your mattress choice is a bed frame. You should approach the purchase of one with care for quality and dependability.

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As the body rests and recovers, sleep is an important part of the daily routine. When you sleep, comfort is decided by a mattress. A healthy sleep night will lift your mood, too. Only one hour of sleep will make you cranky the next day.

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